The Xoloitzcuintli is also known as the Mexican Hairless Dog. This dog is a rare breed. It is a breed of various sizes. Some people confuse the Xoloitzcuintli with the Peruvian Hairless Dog. Most people refer to the Xoloitzcuintli as Xolos.
The Xoloitzcuintli is not a well known breed. Most people have problems pronouncing the name correctly. It is pronounced in English as “show-low-eats-quint-lee”. This breed is a senstive dog with greater than average intelligence. They are deveoted and protective. Even though they are protective, they will not instigate agression but they will meet it. They will take cues from their owner’s uneasiness or calmness, based on the situation. To an extent, the Xoloitzcuintli is still a primitive breed and they need to be reasoned with instead of being forced to perform.
The Xoloitzcuintli is a hairless breed. Even though that is true, many times litters contain pups with full coats. There is no standardized color because the pups with coats are usually destroyed at birth. The Xoloitzcuintli come in three distinct sizes. This is the standard, miniature, and the toy. The standard and miniature are recognized by the NKC, APRI, CKC and FCI. The toy is also recognized by these organizations, including the AKC.
|Alternative names||Mexican Hairless Dog Mexican Hairless Tepeizeuintli Xolo Xoloitzcuintle Xoloitzquintle|
|Height (male/female)||Toy/Miniature: 9-14 inches (23-36 cm) Miniature/Intermediate: 15-20 inches (38-51 cm) Standard: 20-30 inches (51-76 cm)|
|Weight (male/female)||Toy/Miniature: 5-15 pounds (2-7 kg) Miniature/Intermediate: 15-30 pounds (7-13.5 kg) Standard: 25-40 pounds (11-18 kg)|
|Life expectancy||15-20 years|
|Litter size||4 avg.|
The Xoloitzcuintli comes in two varieties, which are the hairless and the coated. They come in three sizes, which are the standard, miniature, and toy. The most popular variety is the hairless Xoloitzcuintli. This is actually a hairless breed but ti can contain a short tuff of hair on the tail and/or head. The skin should be smooth and soft although it is hardy enough to protect from the elements. According to the standard, the Xoloitzcuintli has a number of potential colors. Some of these colors include bronze, red, black, gray, spotted, or solid.
The coated Xoloitzcuintli has hair similar to a Doberman. The hair should be sleek, short, and clean. According to the standard, the coated Xoloitzcuintli can not have long hair or wavy hair. According to statistics, if a litter contains five pups, four of these will be hairless and only one will be of the coated variety.
The Xoloitzcuintli was a hardy breed that is very robust. It has a broad skull and a black nose. Some of these dogs have a skin-colored nose. They have dark almond shaped eyes. One of the most unique characteristics of the Xoloitzcuintli is the upright ears that look similar to a bat. This breed are quite keen and they are known to alert their owners to danger or even just the presence of strangers. As the Xoloitzcuintli gets older, they began to changes colors.
The sizes of the various varieties of the Xoloitzcuintli vary based on the particular club. In the USA, the small Xoloitzcuintli is actually called a toy Xoloitzcuintli In Mexico, it is referred to as a miniature Xoloitzcuintli This variety can cause confusion.
The Xoloitzcuintli has many desirable features. It is very loyal, intelligent, and alert. This breed is very loving to its owner and other family members. It is highly recommended that the entire family become involved in the training and feeding of the Xoloitzcuintli If that doesn’t happen, this breed will bond to one person or only the people who actually interact with it.
The Xoloitzcuintli is not particularly friendly to strangers. It is a naturally protective breed that will do well with children, if it is properly socialized. As time goes by, the Xoloitzcuintli is becoming more popular as a therapy and agility dog.
The Xoloitzcuintli is very easy to take care of. That is true of both the hairless and coated variety. The hairless Xoloitzcuintli should be bathed only once or twice monthly. They should also be given lotion based on the same schedule or as needed. This variety should be given sunscreen in sunny weather.
The coated Xoloitzcuintli should be bathed in the same way as you would any other coated breed. They should be brushed on a daily basis. If that seems to be too frequent, then at least once a week should work out okay. This will help keep shedding under control.
The Xoloitzcuintli is a very ancient breed. It is native to South and Central America. Mexico, and the Caribbean. Acoording to archaeology, the Xoloitzcuintli lived for more than 3,500 years in the new world. This breed appears quite frequently in artifacts that were produced by various Mexican civilizations.
According to history, this breed was cosnidered to be sacred. The Aztecs felt the Xoloitzcuintli helped the souls of their masters to be guided through theb under world. In addition to the spiritual properties the Aztecs believed the Xoloitzcuintli to possess, they also raised this breed for food. Accounts from the sixteenth century indicate that large numbers of the Xoloitzcuintli dogs were served at banquets.
In 1492, Columbus came to the Caribbean for the first time. According to his journal, he noted hairless dogs of a strange appearnace. As a result, the Xoloitzcuintli was carried back to Europe.
One of the first breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club was the Xoloitzcuintli. In 1887, the first Xoloitzcuintli was registered. It was a Mexican dog. In 1940, this breed’s first AKC champion was crowned. In fact, this is the only Xoloitzcuintli AKC champion to this date.
By the time 1959 arrived, the number of Xoloitzcuintli had reduced quite greatly. Some felt the breed was on the brink of extinction. As a result of this, it was removed from the AKC stud book.
In 1986 the Xoloitzcuintlioitzcuintli Club of America was formed. This was doen for the purpose of regaining AKC recognition. At the very first meeting of thsi club, they voted to recognize all three sizes of the xo. That is the standard, miniature, and toy. They also voted to accept both varieties. That is the coated variety and the hairless variety. It wasn’t until May 13, 2008, that the American Kennel Club readmitted the Xoloitzcuintli. Beginning on January of 2009, it is scheduled to be added to the Miscellaneous class.
Beginning January 1, 2007 Xoloitzcuintli dogs that are registered with FSS are eligible to compete in American Kennel Club events.
Throughout the Xoloitzcuintli history in Mexico, thsi breed didn’t receive official notice until the 1950s. In 1940, the FCm was formed but it didn’t name the Xoloitzcuintli as an official purebreed. According to reports, the Xoloitzcuintli began to show up in the 1940′s at some Mexican dog shows. Even though it was understood these were indigenous dogs, there was not a lot of interest in them. There was not a lot of information about them at the time and there was no one standard to judge them. Within a ten year period, it became clear to the FCM that much action was needed to save thsi breed. This led to what became known as the Xoloitzcuintlio Expedition of 1954. This expedition was formed to find out if there were any remaining purebred Xoloitzcuintli dogs left in Mexico. Finally 10 dogs were found and these Xoloitzcuintli dogs became the foundation of teh program in Mexico to revive the breed. In 1956, the Xoloitzcuintli became recognized for the first time in Mexico.
At thsi point in history, the Xoloitzcuintli is not in danger of extinction. These dogs are vlaued for their excellent qualities of loyalty and companionship. These dogs also make excellent show dogs, service dogs, therapy dogs, and agility dogs.